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Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal

Print version ISSN 1020-3397


ROZI, S.  and  AKHTAR, S.. Prevalence and predictors of smokeless tobacco use among high-school males in Karachi, Pakistan. East. Mediterr. health j. [online]. 2007, vol.13, n.4, pp. 916-924. ISSN 1020-3397.

A cross-sectional study was conducted in 3 towns in Karachi, Pakistan to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of smokeless tobacco among 772 high-school adolescent males. A structured questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic factors and history of cigarette and smokeless tobacco use. Prevalence of smokeless tobacco use (gutka, snuff, niswar) was 16.1% (95% CI: 13.5%-18.9%). On multiple logistic regression analysis, the factors significantly related to smokeless tobacco use among the sample were: attending government school [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 6.3], smoking cigarettes (OR 3.2), not seeing anti-tobacco advertisements (OR 1.5), family history of tobacco use (OR 3.9), use of betel quid (OR 2.9) and use of areca nut (OR 3.2).

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